Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny Śląsk; Silesian: Gůrny Ślůnsk; Czech: Horní Slezsko; German: Oberschlesien; Silesian German: Oberschläsing; Latin: Silesia Superior) is the southeastern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia, located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic.
Silesia is a region incredibly rich in landmarks; here were born, lived and worked many famous people of science and art; here had their residences the princes of the Piast dynasty; here took place historical events important to Poland and Europe, whose memorials we can see to this day. The Silesian landscape is diverse in many respects: geographically (here coincide terrains belonging to The Kraków-Czestochowa Upland, Silesian Upland and Beskid Mountains), economically (next to Upper Silesian Industrial Region we’ll find typically agricultural areas), culturally, ethnically and religiously.
Silesia, a part of region here described, does not deny its industrial traditions. On contrary, these traditions constitute to its pride – for instance, the Black Trout Adit in Tarnowskie Góry, where you can feel the thrills and take an underground tour by boat, while watching wonders jealously guarded by Skarbnik (The Treasurer), the legendary mine ghost.
Silesia does not lack natural attractions and preserves, either. Nature lovers will gladly visit the Łężczok reserve to see birds in their natural habitat. Trekking enthusiasts will reach the beautiful Beskid Mountains, and those who seek spiritual nourishment will find it not only in The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Jasna Góra in Czestochowa, the most famous Polish sanctuary, but in numerous other places of pilgrimage scattered across the whole region as well. Polish history lovers will choose the Castle in Mirów and in various museums admire relics of the past.